Chris Woodruff, OD, MS, MBA



This page highlights some of the work I have completed in Optometric Education using the Internet (web-based resources) for teaching clinical optics. I have also spent a considerable amount of time and effort examining the role of problem solving and critical thinking in National Board (NBEO Part 1) success. I have developed a metric for predicting first time board passage and a review program to assist students who may be at risk for failure. The review program can be performed completely remotely. My particular interest is in review of optics related topics but these principles can be applied to any of the topic areas covered on the NBEO Part 1 exam.

Optics Internet Resources

I have been using web based resources I create to enhance my courses since the mid 1990s. As a web developer and programmer, I utilize HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript along with tools such as CanvasJS, Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, and Animate to create these resources. I maintain a webpage with calculators, demos, and simulations for clinical optics. I use my own domain to host these resources to allow former students to continue to have access after graduation.

Using Interactive Tools

I use web based interactive tools to help students learn principles such as spectacle lens material selection, lens design and thickness, and eikonic lens design.

Here is an example of a lens thickness demonstration

Here is an example of a eikonic lens design demonstration

Optics for Clinicians Textbook

I published a textbook for use by students in my clinical optics courses in 2009. The book was available from a print on demand publisher and was used in that format with several revisions until 2016 when I published the book as an iBook using Apple's iBooksAuthor publishing tool. Apple has discontinued support for iBooks Author and the most recent edition (2019) was distributed to my students as a PDF file. I am in the process of revising the book and publishing it in the ePub format to make it readable on most digital book apps.

National Board Preparation

I have explored the role of problem solving and critical thinking in National Board Part 1 success.
I have examined the relationships between various parameters such as class rank (overall GPA), first year academic performance, individual subject perfomance using major NBEO categories, Bloom's Taxonomy (comprehension, application, and critical thinking) to determine which of these parameters provides the best predictor of NBEO Part 1 success. As a result of this work I have developed a metric with a fairly high predictive value. This metric can be used to identify "at risk" students and develop resources to help those students in board preparation.

National Board Review

I helped design and implement a board review program for students preparing for the NBEO Part 1 exam utilizing web-based resources and small group and individual online sessions. My portion of the program included an assessment of 50 questions, tutorials of individual clinical optics topics, and weekly online ("Zoom") sessions. This review program was successful in achieving higher first time passage rates.